Your Starting Point

The Qur’aan is Free from Imperfections

Throughout history many have tried to scrutinise and search the Qur’aan for mistakes and errors. To this day no one has been able to bring a shred of proof showing that this book is not from Allāh. Some Christians have even called it the work of the Devil because the book affected them so much when they read it!

Of all the acclaimed masterpieces that the world has seen, nothing can be compared to the book known as the Qur’aan. Millions have become Muslims upon simply hearing a verse from this amazing book, yet still the majority knows nothing of it. The Qur’aan is the Final Revelation from the Creator to humanity. It was revealed in the year 610 CE to the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him), and completed over a period of 23 years. These 23 years of revelation resulted in a book which comprised of 114 chapters and 6,666 verses. All of this was to become the primary source of law for the whole of mankind to live and die by.

The impact of this book is such that Allāh  says :

Had We[1] revealed this Qur’aan upon a mountain, surely you would have seen it humble itself and crumble out of the fear of Allāh. Such are the parables We put forward to mankind so that they may reflect
(Al-Hashr, The Gathering 59:21)

However, it seems as if the hearts of the people have become harder then the mountains which tower above us. When the Qur’aan is recited or even mentioned, people turn away with disgust. In the West, this is primarily due to the negative exposure from the media. It has resulted in many non-Muslims not even wanting to hear the name of this amazing book. Muslims too, have become hardhearted because of the cultural influences of the West. Many young Muslims perceive the Qur’aan to be nothing more then an old wrapped up book, which comes off the highest shelf once a year during Ramadan!

If people were to truly reflect upon this book, they would realise that nothing in this world is quite the same. So why should this claim be accepted over others? Why should the Qur’aan be given precedence over the likes of the Bible, the Gita[2] or the Granth Sahib[3] ? The following reasons will give an indication as to why this book deserves the attention of all humanity Inshaa’Allāh (God Willing).

Preservation

“There is probably in the world no other book which has remained twelve centuries with so pure a text”. Writing 200 years ago, these are the words of the famous English critic of Islām, Sir William Muir. But as Muslims we do not need William Muir to tell us this. 1400 years ago, the Muslims accepted this reality when Allāh revealed to them:

Indeed it is We who have sent down the reminder (the Qur’aan), and indeed it is Us who shall preserve it
(Al-Hijr, The Rocky Tract 15:9)

These words have proved true to this very day. From the moment the first words were revealed to Muhammed (peace be upon him), to this very day, every single letter and word of the Qur’aan has remained unchanged.

Before Islām, all the revelations sent were not given this divine assurance. This is why we find that books like the Bible are riddled with corruption and inaccuracies. It is well known that man has tampered with the Bible to the extent that annually different versions are produced to suit trends and desires[4]. In fact this has been going on for so long that it is almost impossible to see what of the words of the Creator are left, if any!

With the Qur’aan it is the exact opposite. The contents of this amazing book are stored in the hearts of millions of Muslims worldwide. Children as young as 12 have memorised the entire book in its original language, Arabic. There is no other religious scripture on earth which is orally preserved in its original language by so many and over such a period of time, without having been tampered somewhere along the line. The Bible is a prime example of this. Many Christians believe that English is the divine language of the Bible. However Jesus spoke Aramaic. From Aramaic, his life-story was translated into Hebrew. From Hebrew it was translated into Greek. From Greek to Latin, and then finally from Latin to English! There has not been a single vicar, priest or layman in recorded history who has even memorised the Bible in English, let alone the Aramaic! As Muslims we believe the Qur’aan can only be in the language it was revealed in, i.e. Arabic. Anything else is a translation and not the divine words of the Creator. A true test of this divine preservation would be to burn all the books and manuscripts in existence, to see which can return as it was. The Qur’aan would be the only book which would return in its original form, letter for letter, word for word.

Many Christians say that the Qur’aanic claim of preservation needs to be backed-up by manuscript evidence. For us this is not a necessary criteria, but in order to quell the doubts, the Muslims have ample proof. Two copies of the Qur’aan are in existence which date back to the Third Caliph Uthmaan, 20 years after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him). These two copies are to be found in the Topkapi museum, Istanbul, Turkey and in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The Tashkent copy is thought to have been the personal copy of the Caliph as it still contains stains of his blood, which was shed when he was murdered whilst reading it. Any copy of the Qur’aan which is compared to these copies, will show that there is not a single difference between what we have today and what was in existence 1400 years ago. Thus Allāh’s promise holds true.

No Mistakes

Man as a creature is fallible. For this reason anything which is produced by him will naturally have faults. With the Qur’aan, such a notion cannot even be considered as it is from the one who is Infallible. In fact Allāh clarifies this matter beautifully when he says:

Do they not consider the Qur’aan? Had it been from other then Allāh surely they would have found much discrepancies within it
(An-Nisa, The Women, 4:82)

Throughout history many have tried to scrutinise and search the Qur’aan for mistakes and errors. To this day no one has been able to bring a shred of proof showing that this book is not from Allāh. Some Christians have even called it the work of the Devil because the book affected them so much when they read it! With other scriptures, contradictions, mistakes and absurdities are constantly present. When people contrast these ambiguities with the Qur’aan, it often results in the acceptance of this faultless book.

The Arabic Language

Upon hearing Qur’aanic recitation, you may be rather startled. Besides hearing the reciter of the prayer, you often hear people in the background sobbing and wailing heavily. So what is it that makes these people cry so much? It is nothing more then the beauty and eloquence of this book which moves millions to tears. This beauty is expressed in the language of Arabic. Allāh says :

Indeed We have revealed this as an Arabic Qur’aan so that you may understand
(Yusuf, Joseph 12:2)

At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) three modes of expression were used. There was normal speech, the speech of the soothsayer and poetry. The Arabs were the masters of their language, and poetry was their cultural highlight. Arabic poetry is split into 16 categories, each separate from the other. When the Qur’aan was proclaimed to the Arabs it amazed them beyond all limits. It was like nothing they had ever heard before. It did not fit into the 16 categories of poetry, nor was it the speech of a soothsayer, and it certainly was not normal speech. If it was not all these, then it could only be the word of Allāh .

The eloquence and majesty of the early chapters of the Qur’aan moved many to tears, and the beautiful Qur’aanic Arabic converted millions of Arabs in the Middle-East. Not only did the Qur’aan effect the lives of these Arabs, but it also transformed their culture. Even today, no serious study of the Arabic language is possible without reference to this book.

The reaction of some pagans was that they accused Muhammed (peace be upon him) of being a soothsayer and a madman. In order to silence them, Allāh issued a challenge. At first he asked them to produce a book like the Qur’aan. When it could not be done, Allāh  asked them to produce ten chapters like it. When this too could not be done Allāh finally stated:

And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed to Our slave, then produce a chapter like it
(Al-Baqarah, The Cow 2:23)

The smallest chapter in the Qur’an is only 3 verses long (Chapter 108). The pagans at the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) could not even produce something as small as this, and since then no one else has completed this impossible task. All of this is in light of the fact that the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him) could not read or write, thus refuting those who say that the Qur’aan was his own handiwork.

The Qur’aan is the Final book of revelation. After it there will be no more. However, many have tried to deny this by producing their own new versions of the Qur’aan. Among them have been the two false prophets, Musailama [5] and Ghulam Ahmed[6]. Many Chapters in the Qur’aan are named after animals, such as the Ant, Spider etc. Musailama tried to copy this, and went about creating a chapter in his book called the Weasel! In Arabic it is called Al-Wabl and it hardly causes people to be struck in awe! On the other hand Ghulam Ahmed, the ‘British stooge’, claimed to receive revelation in cockney English!! Such foolishness could never compare to the beauty of the Qur’aan with its clear and beautiful Arabic language.

Science

Over the past few decades much interest has been shown in the scientific content of the Qur’aan. Scientific data which has been discovered in recent times, has been existent in this book for 1400 years. In fact the very common origin of this universe is stated clearly by Allāh, the Most High:

Do not the disbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We parted them. And We made from water every living thing. Will they then not believe?
(Al-Anbiya, The Prophets 21:30)

This parting of the heavens and the earth maybe what is often commonly known to scientists as the ‘big bang’. It is also a fact that life originated from water and that every living cell is composed of 85% water. Without water life is impossible.

The mountains of the earth, like icebergs, have roots going deep into the ground. This ensures that they will not topple with their extreme heights – this is known as ‘isostasy’. In this way the mountains are like the stakes which are used to anchor a tent. But this fact is already known to us when Allāh says:

Have We not made the earth an expanse and the mountains stakes?
(An-Naba, The Great News 78:6-7)

and

“Allāh has cast into the ground mountains standing firm so that it does not shake with you
(Luqman 31:10)

The embryological data which is found in the Qur’aan is astounding. Allāh describes the formation of a baby inside the womb from the very moment the sperm reaches the ovum, to its formation into a human. This data, which was only discovered about 30 years ago, has amazed many western scientists. Amongst them is Dr Keith Moore from the University of Toronto, Canada. Dr Moore[7] is a recognised authority in embryological circles, with his university text book being set as a standard text in many universities throughout the world. When Dr Moore was asked as to how this information in the Qur’aan could be explained, he replied: “It could only have been divinely revealed”.

History

The Qur’aan is a book of historical accuracy. One accuracy which has corrected the mistakes of many Christians and historians, is the fate of the pharaoh who drowned in the Red Sea whilst pursuing Moses. The Biblical story would have us believe that the matter ended when the pharaoh drowned. But the Qur’aan explains further. When he was drowning the pharaoh confessed his faith in Allāh. But it was too late, and Allāh promised him:

This day We shall preserve you in your body, so that you may be a sign for those who come after you. But indeed many of mankind are heedless of Our signs
(Yunus, Jonah 10:92)

In 1898 the tombs of various pharaohs were discovered in the Valley of the Kings, in Egypt. In 1975 Dr Maurice Bucaille, an eminent French surgeon was allowed to examine the mummified bodies of Rameses II and the pharaoh who had pursued Moses – Merneptah. Dr Bucaille discovered that Merneptah had received very violent blows to several parts of his body and had suffered a massive heart attack. Amazingly, these are the results which occur when someone dies from drowning! Thus Allāh had saved the body of the transgressing pharaoh as a sign for all humanity.

For those who say that Muhammed (peace be upon him) knew his history and wrote it in the Qur’aan, the following shall prove otherwise. In the year 615 CE the Roman army was defeated by the Persians. About this event Allāh revealed:

The Romans have been defeated in the lowest land, but in a few years they shall be victorious again, within three to nine years. The decision of the matter, before and after, is only with Allāh
(Ar-Rum, The Romans 30:24)

The words of Allāh proved true as the Persians were defeated at the battle of Issus, 7 years later in 622 CE. There is no possible way that Muhammed (peace be upon him) could have known (if he wrote the Qur’aan) that the Romans would be victorious. In fact he also did not know that the ‘lowest land’ at which the battle was fought was literally that. The battle in 615 CE was fought on the shores of the Dead Sea, the lowest point below sea level on earth, at 1300 ft.

A book with these credentials could only be from the Creator of the heavens and the earth. A book which we need to acquaint ourselves with. A book . . .

. . . which has been revealed to you (O’ Muhammed) so that you may lead mankind out of the darkness and into the light
(lbrahim, Abraham 14:1)

Endnotes:

  1. The word ‘WE’ does not mean that there is more then one God. Rather it is a plural of respect which gives Allāh grandeur over his creation.
  2. The Baghyad Gita is one of the Hindu scriptures.
  3. The Guru Granth Sahib is the Sikh scripture.
  4. The most recent version of the Bible is the ‘Politically Correct Version’!!
  5. Musailama claimed prophethood just before the death of the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him). He was from the region of Yamaamah in Arabia and from the tribe of Haneefah.
  6. Ghulam Ahmed was born in 1840 in Qadian, India. He claimed prophethood at the request of his imperialist masters, the British Government.
  7. Besides Dr Moore, there have been many other famous Western scientists who have accepted Islām. One of the most prominent was the famous French oceanographer, Jacques Yves Cousteau who has recently passed away. Cousteau was amazed at the accuracy of the Qur’aanic statements regarding underwater activity and thus embraced Islām. As a result of his death, Cousteau’s life achievements have been highlighted in the Western media. However his acceptance of Islām was conveniently absent from the news-reports.